As reported by several gambling sites, the first lotteries first appeared in Serbia as early as the 19th Century. That was in 1833, during the reign of Prince Miloš Obrenović, who acted as the Prince of Serbia between 1815 and 1839 and again between 1858 and 1860.
Miloš gave permission for the establishment of the first Serbian lotto, allowing the citizens to participate and enjoy the fun. Was the lotto successful? Not really, since it lasted for only four years. Following the failure of the first attempt, this form of gambling went silent, only to resurrect at the end of the century.
The game was operated intermittently for more than a century. In 2004, new gambling legislation was established in Serbia, paving the way for the creation of Državna Lutrija Srbije, also known as the National Lottery of Serbia (NLS). This is the only institution allowed to provide services to Serbians who want to play the lotto online or at land-based gambling premises.
It must be understood that this gambling-related monopolistic nature of governments is not unique to Serbia. In fact, many countries have done the same for purposes of gambling regulation and proper tax collection.