Around 1902, the state began to regulate almost all gambling-related activity. Only lotteries and games of chance offered by specific license holders were lawful at the time, according to the Norwegian Penal Code of 1902.
During this time, the government acquired a majority stake in Norsk Tipping and Norsk Rikstoto. These two licensed companies were tasked to provide gambling services to Norwegians. Any gambling activity that these two companies did not regulate was considered illegal.
In 1927, the Totalisator Act was passed, allowing Norsk Rikstoto to supervise gambling activities and allow participants to wager on it through the firm. Norsk Tipping also has a monopoly over lotteries, keno, and sports betting, thanks to the Gaming Act of 1992. The Norwegian legislature also permitted Norsk Tipping to operate an online lottery for Norwegians as time progressed.
Still, gambling over the internet has been banned since 2008. However, the state is tolerant of its citizens, so those who registered and played at offshore sites were not prosecuted. Instead, they devised a new strategy: they would pursue the operators by fining them. Even though all operators operating in Norway are subject to sanctions, many of them continue to welcome players from this region.
The Payment Act of 2010 prohibited banks from allowing Norwegian players to use credit and debit cards for lottery deposits and withdrawals to make matters even more confusing.